Difference Between Neurologists And Neurosurgerons

Neurology is the medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions that affect the brain and nervous system, as well as the spinal cord, blood vessels, muscles, and nerves. These conditions are treated by physicians in two related specialties: neurology and neurosurgery.

So why is there a distinction of neurologist vs. neurosurgeon?

There are considerable differences between neurologists and neurosurgeons. When it comes to medical management, however, there is also significant overlap between the two. While both neurologists and neurosurgeons diagnose and treat conditions that involve the nervous system, neurologists don’t perform surgery.

Neurosurgery is closely associated with neurology in that both require specialized knowledge of the nervous system and its functions. However, if your diagnosis exposes a physical cause for a neurological condition, a neurologist may make a referral to a neurosurgeon if surgery is needed to remove or correct the condition to improve your outcome.

What Is Neuromedicine?
Neuromedicine describes a practice where neurosurgeons, neurologists, and other medical professionals work together to provide comprehensive inpatient care for patients with complex neurological disorders.

How neurosurgery has changed in the last 50 years, what has contributed to it?

Neurosurgery In The Beginning

The brain is the centre-point of communication between the human being and the universe. It defines consciousness which is an integral part of human evolution, from which arise inventions and discoveries. The study of the human brain has always been challenging. The functions of a large portion of the brain are still poorly understood and unexplored.

The history of neurosurgery is filled with courageous individuals who worked against great odds in an attempt to improve the lives of their patients. For centuries, the realm of neurosurgery was considered an arena mostly of observation and “primum non nocere,” as surgical outcomes were often worse than disease progression. The next few centuries witnessed great advances in anatomical knowledge, but until further developments in the areas of cerebral localization, anesthesia, hemostasis, and antisepsis occurred, neurosurgery remained in its infancy.

Our pioneers fought against all odds during those times to deliver the best possible. Constant quest to develop better, in terms of understanding of the brain and technology brought us to where we stand today.

In The Past: First Cut, And Then Diagnose

Neurosurgery, a new subspecialty, is constantly evolving and changing over a period of time. In recent times, new insights and requirements in terms of knowledge and practice, sub-specialisation among consultants and use of multidisciplinary  teams of neurologists, neurosurgeons, radiologists, anaesthesiologists, and pathologists are involved to tackle neurological problems. In recent years, newer advanced technologies have expanded and redefined the discipline of neurosurgery.

Present: First Diagnose And Then Cut

Combinning Modalities

Neurosurgery, depends upon technologies. Some of the technologies are completely new and others have undergone a lot of reforms to reach their present state. Although revolution has been brought by the use of CT scans, recent advances like intraoperative ultrasonography, stereotactic radiosurgery, use of stem cells, Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), can possibly change the face of neurosurgery in future.

Technological advances are transforming our diagnostic, monitoring and management capabilities and allowing us to perform more precise, advanced, and less invasive surgeries. Developments in computers, smartphones and connectivity devices, education, imaging and localization; surgical targeting and navigation; new therapeutic applications; and neurological monitoring, and analytics have rapidly and dramatically changed our approaches within the specialty of neurosurgery